- Symptoms of Spasms
- Reasons of Spasms
- Treatment of Spasms
Spasms vary from weak to heavy. At a mild attack the minimum symptoms of manifestation while the heavy attack can entail a loss of consciousness, and also the sudden and acute spasm of muscles caused by electric activity of a brain. Usually the spasm proceeds from 30 seconds to 2 minutes. If spasms last more, or there are repeated attacks, at the same time the patient does not recover consciousness, such state is called the epileptic status. If it happened, the patient has to be immediately taken to hospital. It is impossible to stop a spasm if the attack already began. Everything that can be made, it to protect the patient from injuries and injuries which he can put to himself, and as soon as possible provide medical care. Information on quantity and duration of epileptic seizures will be very useful to doctors.
Symptoms of Spasms:
Blackout, the confused consciousness, snorting and puffing is possible;
Pricking and convulsive twitching regarding a body; incontience of urine and/or calla; short-term loss of consciousness; The Special state which is preceding epilepsy attacks, having various manifestations: sudden sensation of fear, nausea, feeling of numbness, dizziness. At emergence of the expressed salivation, penootdeleny of a mouth, a sudden syncope, a loss of consciousness, sharp muscular spasms with twitching of legs, the deviation of the direction of eyes and the head (deviation of an eye) is required urgent medical assistance.
Reasons of Spasms:
Any weak or severe attack is caused by disturbance of work of a brain.
Why there are spasms?
Deficit of microelements: sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium (especially at pregnant women);
Shortage of fat-soluble vitamins D, E;
Lack of water-soluble B2 and B6 vitamins;
Insufficient presence at taurine amino acid food;
Overcooling of legs; Dehydration;
Exercise stress inadequate to opportunities;
Insufficient blood supply;
High temperature (at babies);
Provocative factors (caffeine and sugar);
Treatment of Spasms:
If you were the witness of a spasm, the main strategy of actions consists in attempts to prevent getting injured at the patient; try to keep him from falling, lay the patient on the earth in the safe place, remove all sharp objects and furniture. In case of need, it is necessary to record the patient (strait jacket). Without limiting gestures of the patient, weaken closely buttoned clothes, especially on a neck. If vomiting began, try to turn the head that emetic masses poured out, but did not get into lungs and a trachea.
At children of chest and younger age the spasm can be result of strong heat, use cool compresses and cool water, but do not dip the child into a bathtub with cold water.
After spasms many patients strong fall asleep, do not interfere with their dream. At the time of awakening of the patient, most likely, it will be disoriented in space, be near before recovery of consciousness or until arrival of doctors. Meanwhile, it is necessary to check the main vital signs (pulse, a respiration rate).
When the patient wakes up, learn from him whether there were sometime spasms earlier, and whether it undergoes inspection according to indications now. Recommend to the patient to take the written-out medicine. If the patient has a diabetes mellitus or there are suspicions on a diabetes mellitus, it is possible to give sugar (if the unconscious patient, sugar in granules or liquid glucose).