Stings of insects
- Symptoms of Stings of insects
- Reasons of Stings of insects
- Treatment of Stings of insects
Sting and stings of insects — the painful states connected with stings of insects (mainly Hymenoptera and flies).
Symptoms of Stings of insects:
Reaction to a sting happens three types. Usual reaction includes area around a sting with reddening, an itch and pain. Big local reactions arise when area of a tumor more than 5 cm. System reactions arise when symptoms of defeat are observed in the regions of a body far from a sting.
Skin reaction to stings of insects usually lasts from several hours to several days. However, in certain cases local reaction can last up to two years. These stings sometimes it is mistakenly diagnosed as types of high-quality or cancer defeats.
Allergic and toxic reaction.
Allergic reactions proceed variously: from local symptoms to shock with a lethal outcome. 4 types of the general reactions are allocated:
1) Easy general reactions: urticaria, itch, indisposition, fear.
2) General reactions: an asthma, an abdominal pain, nausea, dizziness, vomiting join symptoms of the 1st type.
3) Severe form of the general reactions: in addition to the previous manifestations suffocation, a dysphagy, a hoarseness, incoherence of thoughts, fear joins.
4) Shock: except the above-stated symptoms, cyanosis, falling of the ABP, a collapse, defecation, a loss of consciousness.
Toxic reactions develop at a simultaneous sting of a large number of insects. Symptoms appear in several hours in the form of hypostases, a headache, vomiting, a diarrhea, fervescence, spasms, catalepsy, a coma.
Simultaneous sting and stings of a large number of insects, such as bees, can lead to a lethal outcome.
The death in hard cases occurs generally owing to asphyxia with the subsequent vascular collapse.
Reasons of Stings of insects:
The sting made by some insects from group of Hymenoptera (Hymenoptera) by means of a sting makes deflation in a wound of the poisonous liquid which is formed in special glands.
Stings of mosquitoes cause an itch, also as well as stings of fleas.
Parasitizing of louses leads to an itch, dermatitis and other pathological skin manifestations.
Reaction to stings of bugs can be shown from an itch to an anaphylaxis. Also the person is bitten by mosquitoes, gadflies, midges and other flies. Also thrips can bite the person.
Stings of blood-sicking insects (and mites) can lead to infection with transmissible diseases, such as malaria, a leushmaniosis.
In addition to insects, from arthropods of the person myriapods, spiders, scorpions, solpug, poisonous mites can bite.
Treatment of Stings of insects:
First, it is necessary to get a sting if it remained on site a sting. If there are near at hand tweezers, the sting can be removed with tweezers if is not present, then get fingers. Try to remove a sting entirely, without breaking, especially if you were bitten by a bee because the sting at her has not the direct needles form as at a wasp, and "needle" with jags. If there are sting particles, then the wound with remains can fester and will long heal. Therefore Mirsovetov does not recommend to you to hurry excessively, and on the contrary, to try slowly and as it is possible to remove a sting from a wound more accurately.
Secondly, if the person fainted it is possible to bring him into feelings, having rubbed whisky liquid ammonia or having allowed it to smell it.
Thirdly, it is necessary to put to the place of a sting a gauze napkin or the cotton plug moistened with solution of peroxide of hydrogen and permanganate potassium (that is ordinary potassium permanganate), vodka, wine alcohol, cologne, liquid ammonia or just to impose a cold compress from cold water (ice).
Fourthly, let's the victim of a sting of insects drink a lot of liquid to neutralize the harmful substances which got to blood with poison.