Poisoning with salts of heavy metals
- Symptoms of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals
- Reasons of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals
- Treatment of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals
Still people use the ware containing aluminum for cooking, we drink the water sated with fluoric connections, and the most part of detergents incorporates chlorine and its derivatives. We face radiation from household appliances, we inhale the air contaminated by exhaust gases from millions of cars.
In agriculture various pesticides are used. Dental practice for sealing of teeth uses to this day the amalgam containing mercury.
If the increased content of toxic agents in air causes destruction of facades of buildings and corrosion of metals what happens to a human body? And we daily receive toxics not only from air, but with food and water.
There is their gradual accumulation in an organism, its protective forces (immunity) as a result weaken. The available chronic diseases become aggravated, dysbacteriosis develops (reduction of quantity of useful microorganisms in intestines).
As a result - deterioration in health, weakness, decrease in working capacity, a disease. The continuous contact with all these harmful factors, undoubtedly, leads to chronic poisoning of an organism.
The continuous contact with all these harmful factors, undoubtedly, leads to chronic poisoning of an organism.
Among chronic poisonings the powerful place is taken by poisonings with salts of heavy metals. More than forty chemical elements with the specific weight of 6,0 and more belong to heavy metals.
From them the most met - mercury, copper, cadmium, gold, iron, lead, thallium, bismuth, antimony, etc. They are a part of industrial organic and inorganic compounds, agricultural herbicides and insecticides, medical supplies.
Usually come to an organism of salt of heavy metals as a part of foodstuff, with the inhaled air, more rare through skin and mucous. Salts of heavy metals are capable to collect in all bodies and fabrics and remain for months there, causing the progressing their damage with the subsequent disturbance of functions.
Symptoms of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals:
Gastrointestinal tract diseases are generally shown by such complaints as an abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting. Long effect of poison leads to death of normal intestinal microflora that causes bowel emptying disturbance, is more often in the form of locks, but both ponosa and their alternation are possible. Bowel emptying disturbances, as a rule, are followed by abdominal distention.
Damages of kidneys it can be characterized both by damage of tubules, and balls, with development and progressing of an acute or chronic renal failure.
Defeats of a nervous system are characterized by various disturbances of sensitivity, motive frustration and mental symptoms.
However more clinical displays of chronic poisoning depend both on a type of poison, and on its number and duration of action on an organism.
Let's stop on some specific symptoms of poisoning with salt of this or that metal.
Mercury preferential influences a nervous system that is followed by emergence of the following symptoms: a hyperphrenia, trembling of hands or all body, a spasm, perspiration, the increased salivation, tachycardia, tendency to increase in arterial pressure, defeat mucous a mouth.
Chronic intoxication not well influences the course of pregnancy, childbirth and a lactation. Damage of kidneys leads to development of an acute or chronic renal failure.
Poisonings with lead are shown by specific pale earthy coloring of integuments, a lead lilac-gray border on edge of gums and teeth, changes from blood (increase in reticulocytes, anemia), excessive allocation of a gastric juice, toxic damage of a liver, kidneys, persistent locks, colicy pains in a stomach.
Defeat of a nervous system is characterized by polyneurites, signs of an asthenic syndrome (weakness, bystry fatigue, a sleep disorder), in hard cases development of encephalopathy. Lead not well influences a reproductive system that at women is shown by various disturbances of a menstrual cycle, premature births, pre-natal death of a fruit.
Poisoning with arsenic salts results from inhalation it together with production dust more often. There is an irritation of mucous eyes, a nose, upper respiratory tracts that is shown in the form of dacryagogue, cold, cough, sometimes a pneumorrhagia. Gastrointestinal tract diseases are characterized by nausea, vomiting, disturbance of functions of a liver and intestines. At hit of dust on skin there is eczema, dermatitis, a furunculosis, fragility of nails, a hair loss.
The long contact with antimony leads to disturbances from a digestive tract (a loss of appetite, frustration of a chair, weight loss), to inflammatory changes in an oral cavity, an itch and cracks of skin.
Characteristic symptoms of chronic poisoning with cadmium are the headache, loss of sense of smell, gastrointestinal frustration, a loss of appetite, weight loss, defeat mucous a nose, lungs with the pneumosclerosis phenomena.
The principles of treatment include:
The termination of further intake of poison in an organism (for example, in industrial conditions);
Use of enterosorbents;
Plentiful drink, and in hard acute cases - an artificial diuresis (introduction of large volumes of liquid and the powerful diuretic drugs promoting removal by kidneys of toxic substances with urine);
Diet, vitamin-rich, the use of a large number of the vegetables and fruit containing the cellulose and food fibers capable to connect and bring poison out of an organism;
Use of antioxidants (vitamins E, And, With and betta-carotene);
The symptomatic therapy directed to correction to disturbance from internals.
Reasons of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals:
Poisonings with salts of heavy metals arise at the use of the foodstuff containing generally of impurity of zinc, lead, copper. They can get to foodstuff in storage time or processings at contact with metal ware, processing equipment or a container.
The enameled or glazed ware, in a tin covering of processing equipment and stock can contain a small amount of lead which salts can pass into food. It is promoted by storage of food with a hyperoxemia (borsches, marinades, fermented vegetables, dairy products). Milk may contain compounds of lead which gets as a result of eating by animals of a grass from the pastures located near automobile routes there.
Treatment of Poisoning with salts of heavy metals:
use of modern enterosorbents.
Enterosorbents ("энтеро" - internal, "сорбео" - to attract, absorb), getting into intestines, "attract" to themselves toxics and bring them out of an organism. Besides, enterosorbents are capable to connect and remove microorganisms and products of their life activity.
This process at the expense of a structure of enterosorbents is possible. On their surface a large number of a time and active centers is located that creates the extensive total area of effective contact. At the expense of it enterosorbents are able to absorb and bring together with themselves out of an organism considerable quantity harmful, toxics.
The most known enterosorbent which is widely applied and now, - absorbent carbon.
Unfortunately, absolute majority of enterosorbents take and remove not only substances, dangerous to our health, but also useful (vitamins, mineral substances, microelements), that is possess nonspecific sorption. It not in the best way is reflected on health of the person.
The most modern and highly effective class of enterosorbents are the food fibers fermented by a unique strain of wine yeast on the basis of wheat bran.