History of use of an anesthesia during operations contains more than 160 years. Annually in the world hundreds of thousands of surgical interventions during which to patients the substances immersing them in a dream and saving from pain are entered are carried out. Using an anesthesia many myths and delusions are still connected. It is worth getting acquainted with the most widespread of them.
At the first stages of development of anesthesiology side effects during use of the general anesthesia met in 70% of cases. Today complications of this sort happen from 1-2% of the patients who are exposed to surgical intervention using an anesthesia. In most cases it is allergic reactions to the entered substances. If operation is performed with participation of the experienced anesthesiologist reanimator, serious consequences usually manage to be avoided. The most terrible complication of use of an anesthesia is the acute anaphylaxis, but it occurs only at one patient from ten thousand.
After an anesthesia some patients test an indisposition which is shown by vomiting, nausea, dizziness, pain when swallowing, temporary decrease in memory or confusion of consciousness. All these symptoms disappear within several hours after awakening.
Contrary to popular belief, the general anesthesia does not make negative impact on cerebration.
For domestic medicine rather truthfully opposite statement. Still many manipulations at us are made without anesthesia that is extremely heavy for patients and it is extremely inconvenient for doctors. Such provision is especially distributed in stomatology where within many decades almost all treatment (and besides very painful) was carried out "on live". Today many doctors in Russia try to apply more sparing techniques, and the situation changes for the better, but so far quite slowly.
The vast majority of death of patients during operations is not connected with action of the medicines which are used for an anesthesia in any way. As a rule, the unexpected situation which developed in the course of intervention or a notorious human factor is the reason of a lethal case. During operation the patient's life true is in hands of the anesthesiologist reanimator. Unfortunately, deficit of such specialists in domestic hospitals makes about 50%. Until this problem is not solved, risk that the anesthesiologist overloaded with work at the wrong time will distract from the next patient or will allow some miss, will remain.
Substantially it so. In those days, when surgical interventions were carried out without anesthesia, at operations no more than 30% of patients survived. The risk that the patient will not transfer painful shock, was very high, and chances of survival directly depended on qualification and the speed of work of the doctor.
The side effect such really is sometimes observed when using for an anesthesia of one of drugs – Sombrevinum. Until recently it was applied when carrying out short-term surgical interventions. Now use of Sombrevinum is forbidden in connection with high risk of development of allergic reactions and a large number of contraindications.
The experienced anesthesiologist selects drugs, necessary for an anesthesia, in advance and calculates their dosage, proceeding from the weight of the patient and features of his state. During operation medicines move in the patient's blood stream by means of automatic dosers, and the equipment tracing the vital parameters controls amount of the arriving solutions and changes them at any aberration. Therefore the statement that it is possible to wake up before the end of operation because of "shortage of an anesthesia" is not true.
It is incorrect, however similar delusions nevertheless have real basis. The matter is that long alcohol intake leads to acceleration of process of a conclusion of an organism of some medicines. Their number includes also those substances which are used as an anesthesia. It means that the person who is in an ebrietas will fall asleep under the influence of similar means, but for deepening of an anesthesia higher doses of medicines can be required by him.
From illnesses which treatment requires surgical intervention nobody is insured. You should not be afraid of use of an anesthesia during operation. However, in order to avoid emergence of complications, the patient has to describe precisely the allergic reactions which are available for it and warn the anesthesiologist about all chronic diseases which he suffers.
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