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Noxious plants in the room, at the dacha and in the wood

It is impossible to imagine human life in which there would be no plants. Practically in each apartment and any production room there are window plants, millions of people with pleasure are engaged in gardening and truck farming, many citizens spend free time on seasonal dachas. However we very seldom pay attention to those properties of our green pets who can make the neighbourhood with them unpleasant and even unsafe.

Ядовитые комнатные растения

The most dangerous cultivated plants

The mankind owns information that many plants contain noxious to health substances many centuries. Poisons of a plant origin can cause severe poisonings, damages of skin and mucous or oppression of respiratory function. Such substances are especially dangerous to the small children and people having chronic diseases. Among the flowers and bushes which are found in our gardens and apartments, the most serious fears have to cause the following plants:

  • Families of a nightshade family. These are various decorative pepper, a nightshade lozhnoperechny, a brunfelsiya, a brovalliya, a brugmansiya, a solandra and many others. Bright, attractive fruits give them special decorative effect. However beautiful berries are it is impossible. They, as well as leaves of all these plants, contain alkaloid the solanine causing serious damages to a nervous system at the person. Treat family of a nightshade family both a dope ordinary, and a henbane (belladonna), possessing similar action;
  • Families of a crowfoot family. That the wild buttercup known also as "night blindness", is poisonous, know many. But not all gardeners are informed that his close relatives who with such pride are grown up on seasonal dachas can constitute health hazard too. These are very popular krasivotsvetushchy plants a delphinium (delphinium), monk's-hood (fighter), ранункулюс, a lumbago, an aquilegia, an anemony and others. All parts of a crowfoot family are poisonous. The leaflet which accidentally got to food can provoke a headache, suffocation and even spasms. The smell of fragrant kinds of a delphinium causes the symptoms similar to signs of heavy intoxication. Monk's-hood in medieval Europe was considered as a source of so strong poison that the person in whom found a rhizome of this plant in some countries was subject to an execution without court as the potential poisoner. In a consolation modern flower growers need to note that the monk's-hood cultivars (which are especially zoned for zones with cool climate), it is much safer than the wild-growing ancestors;
  • Families of a dogbane family to which belong an oleander, Rauwolfia, катарантус, пахиподиум, адениум (a desert rose), a periwinkle pink. The substances which are contained in these plants oppress cordial activity;
  • Families of a spurge family. Widespread houseplants (different types of euphorbias, a codiaeum, a chenille plant, a poinsettia) emit the lacteal juice capable to cause damages of skin from small irritation to the real burns;
  • Are also dangerous by Aroidnye (a monstera, a dieffenbachia, a philodendron, a calla) because of juice which follows in places of damage of a stalk and leaves. The accidental contact of this liquid with mucous a mouth or a throat causes serious hypostasis, and at its hit in eyes there is conjunctivitis;
  • Amarillisovye, widely presented by garden and room types. Kliviya, Hippeastrums, zefirantusa, and also our favourite bulbous primroses – narcissuses, tulips and hyacinths concern to this family. The bouquets made of their fragrant versions do not recommend to put in a bedroom, in order to avoid developing of a severe headache. Accidental hit of leaves amarillisovy in food causes vomiting and a diarrhea.

Also such adornment herbaceous plants as a castor-bean tree, a hydrangea, a honeysuckle a sweet honeysuckle (its bright orange fruits are especially poisonous), a petunia, an ivy, an iris, a groundsel, a sweet pea contain substances, dangerous to the person.

Какие растения не стоит трогать в поле и в лесу

From bushes it is worth mentioning an euonymus which fruits work as the strongest emetic and laxative, a snowberry and a yew – a beautiful ephedra which all parts can cause not only a digestive disturbance, but also interruptions in cardiac performance.

Plants which you should not touch in the field and in the wood

Certainly, adults seldom become victims of poisoning garden or houseplants, but the risk of such troubles for children is quite high. It is especially urgent when kids get on the nature. If we control species composition of the plants living on our garden sites and in apartments, then on walk in the wood we can face poisonous wild plants, sometimes more dangerous, than their cultural fellows. Therefore vacationers have to observe some precautionary measures:

  • Being on a meadow or in the wood, it is not necessary to smell and pick those flowers which you see for the first time. You should not collect and bring home big bouquets, especially if they are made of the plants having strong aroma;
  • It is necessary to look attentively for children. The small in general cannot be released from themselves, and to children is more senior it is necessary to explain that they did not tear any berries at all, without having shown them to adults. At the end of summer in the wood fruits of a lily of the valley, a daphne, a vorony eye, a Solomon's seal and some other plants ripen. Even in the minimum quantities they can cause the serious poisoning fraught with the most sad effects;
  • It is worth steering clear of a cow-parsnip which very often meets on small meadows and forest edges. At contact with its leaves on skin of the person the juice possessing the corroding action gets. The burns caused by cow-parsnip juice are very painful, and pollen of this plant at inhalation causes hypostases of a mucous nasopharynx and throat;
  • It is better not to tear and not to allow to touch to children such widespread plants as a celandine, elder, a water hemlock, a wild radish, a buttercup and a bindweed.

Going to the nature, it is necessary to remember that nobody will take care of your safety better, than you are. Therefore it is worth finding previously information on local noxious plants and to get acquainted with their images to avoid problems with health in the future.

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Work which to the person not to liking, is much more harmful to his mentality, than lack of work in general.