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Plaque on teeth: cosmetic shortcoming or threat to health?

White teeth and the Hollywood smile – a dream of many people. Long time was considered that the plaque on teeth and change of their color – destiny of those who incorrectly eat smokes and badly brushes teeth. But the paradox is available: at everything the variety of toothpastes, brushes existing today for toothbrushing and conditioners for a mouth the number of the people hesitating of a plaque on teeth does not decrease. Moreover, the plaque is formed even at small children who definitely do not smoke and have no coffee. So in what business and whether the plaque is dangerous to health?

Налет на зубах: виды и причины

First of all it is necessary to tell about color of teeth. Color of enamel and a plaque on teeth – things absolutely different. An adamantine substance of tooth very firm and if it is well mineralized, then has quite light shade. And here the dentine which is under enamel more softly, also has yellowish, grayish or even brown color. Respectively, if enamel thin and transparent, through it illuminates dentine and it changes a shade of teeth. Ideally white teeth are uncharacteristic for the person: usually a shade of teeth slightly yellowish, especially at children - their milk teeth have quite thin layer of enamel.

With age teeth inevitably turn yellow, but also, many factors really exert impact on their shade: smoking, excessive use of tea and coffee, reception of some drugs.

And here the plaque on teeth does not depend on a condition of dentine and enamel and represents accumulation of microscopic leftovers, drink and parts of an epithelium mucous a mouth. Ideal environment for development of bacteria: warmly, it is wet and nutritious!

Types of a dental plaque

The white or yellowish plaque is formed practically at all people. Places of its education – between teeth, on back molars, over a gingiva. That is where toothbrushing is complicated. Such plaque easily is removed the stomatologist, and at the correct toothbrushing with use of a dental floss and conditioners for a mouth will be formed less often.

To get rid of a yellow or brownish plaque much more difficult. Such plaque is gradually formed at heavy smokers or fans of strong tea and coffee. Quite often deposits of brown color arise at people with the broken metabolism when through saliva the iron forming brown salts is emitted. One more reason of a brown plaque - existence in a mouth of the seals or prostheses containing copper.

To get rid of such plaque, regular visits of the stomatologist, professional cleaning, and sometimes – and whitening of teeth are necessary. Certainly, at disbolism it is necessary to eliminate at the same time and the basic disease – differently result of cleaning will be short.

The gray plaque is a result of a hypoplasia of an adamantine substance of tooth which especially often occurs at children. In this case the drug treatment directed to enamel recovery is required. Independently it is impossible to remove a gray plaque.

The greenish plaque looks very strange and occurs generally at small children or teenagers. Special microorganisms – the fungi allocating the chlorophyll painting a pigment are the reason. Only the stomatologist has to carry out elimination of such plaque.

At last, the black plaque appears also from behind a special species of mushrooms. It testifies first of all to heavy malfunctions in a human body – for example, diseases of biliary tract or parasitic diseases. Children and teenagers have a so-called bacterial plaque of Priestley which exact reason of emergence is not found out yet. Priestley's plaque does not destroy teeth and passes with age, however outward of teeth at the same time, of course, leaves much to be desired.

Firm plaque

All types of plaques about which we told are soft. However if the soft plaque was not removed in time, it is mineralized and hardens, turning into a dental calculus. Most often it is located on the internal surface of teeth. Independently it is impossible to clean off or wash away it – it has very strong coupling with the surface of tooth. However structure of a stone porous therefore live in it and actively the bacteria producing lactic acid breed. And it, in turn, damages enamel of teeth, causing caries.

So the firm plaque is not just cosmetic shortcoming. It should be deleted at the stomatologist, otherwise teeth will begin to collapse.

Как предотвратить образование налета на зубах?

Prevention of formation of a plaque

If formation of a dental plaque is connected with various diseases of internals, then, certainly, the problem needs to be solved in a complex. However anyway it is necessary to follow the simple rules which will help to prevent emergence and distribution of a soft plaque:

  • To brush teeth at least two times a day;
  • To carefully clear hard-to-reach spots – for example, the internal surface of teeth;
  • It is regular to change toothbrushes in process of their wear;
  • It is obligatory to use a dental floss for removal of the remains of food between teeth;
  • To use mouthwashes;
  • Is firm food: it promotes self-cleaning of teeth.

In case of formation of a plaque it is better to address the stomatologist as soon as possible, but not to try to remove it by improvised methods. Most often for these purposes such folk remedies as the crushed absorbent carbon, soda, hydrogen peroxide, lemon juice are used. All these means are not safe as can easily damage enamel – especially at frequent use. And the firm plaque them cannot be removed. Therefore one-two times a year it is necessary to visit the stomatologist for carrying out professional toothbrushing and removal of a dental calculus. This procedure will prevent many problems connected with dental health.

Whether you know that:

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