Main > Articles about health> How to improve and hold in remembrance

How to improve and hold in remembrance

Memory is an ability of the central nervous system to fix, keep and as necessary to reproduce information on knowledge or skills received by the person or an animal during life. The mechanism of this process is up to the end not studied.

Память: виды и особенности

Initially (from the birth) possibilities of different people to storing are not identical, but, as a rule, with age memory weakens that creates serious hindrances in professional activity and reduces quality of life. Therefore knowledge of how to strengthen memory, is necessary for each person.

Types of memory

Scientists distinguish a short-term memory (primary) and long-term. The first allows to reproduce the obtained data a maximum in a few minutes after their receiving. Capacity of a short-term memory does not exceed five-nine objects (for example, randomly located figures which are not connected between themselves words etc.). Primary memory easily collapses at such influences as a hypothermia, hypnosis or an electroshock. Some scientists consider that in a short-term memory only information coded in the form of words is saved. Data which cannot be reproduced verbally get directly to the long-term memory called by also secondary. Its volume is significantly more, and storage time of information is almost not limited (from several minutes to one decades). Secondary memory cannot be destroyed by external influences.

Besides, types of memory are distinguished depending on a way of obtaining information:

  • Figurative. This type is characteristic of children. Reaches optimum level by 8-11 years, then practically does not change with age;
  • Verbal (verbal). Develops by 16 years, remains approximately up to 35 years, and then begins to weaken;
  • Touch. Memory of this type arises at impact of irritants on sense bodys. Distinguish iconic (visual), ekhoichesky (acoustical), tactile (tactile) and olfactory memories;
  • Emotional;
  • Motive. Its emergence is connected with storing of the repeating movements (for example, letters, circulations, movements which are a part of professional skills).

At different people types of memory are developed unequally. Specialists claim that an essential role in it is played by hereditary factors. Besides, memory state of the person substantially is defined by state of his health, age and a way of life.

How to optimize process of storing and not to allow memory to weaken?

Scientists claim that ease and speed of fixation of information, and also accuracy of its subsequent reproduction, are defined by execution of the following rules (laws):

  • Law of judgment. Data which are analyzed and systematized, remembered and are remembered easier;
  • Law of interest. It is simpler to record that information which excites personal interest at the person;
  • Law of installation. People easily fix data if you want to remember them;
  • Law of a context. Information which definitely corresponds to already available remains in memory more fully;
  • Law of action. Data are remembered more simply if it occurs in the course of their practical application;
  • Law of repetition. What often was reproduced keeps in the head better;
  • Law of optimum length. It is the simplest to remember information which size does not exceed the volume of a short-term memory;
  • Law of the region. The person best of all remembers data which at the time of receipt were in the beginning or at the end of information block;
  • Law of incompleteness. Holds the actions or events which did not receive full completion (the untold phrases, tasks which did not manage to be solved etc.) more accurately in remembrance;
  • Law of braking. When fixing data, similar in contents, memory saves newer information, blocking outdated.

Knowledge of these rules can facilitate saving necessary information, but it is not capable to help when memory weakens owing to age or ill health. To avoid troubles such, the following is necessary:

  • To observe a sleep pattern and wakefulnesses. It is established that people who constantly do not fill up very quickly have problems with storing and reproduction of information;
  • To optimize a diet, having included in it the maximum quantity of the products which are favorably influencing cerebration. This is fat fish, nuts and sunflower seeds, sheet vegetables, not polished grain and germinated grain, broccoli cabbage, bilberry, blackcurrant, tomatoes, garlic;
  • To put into practice teas from medicinal plants (a sage, an inula, a red mountain ash, a clover);
  • To take away several hours a day for sport and walks in the fresh air.

It is necessary to understand what is better held in remembrance at those people who live in such mode constantly. The before people begins to treat correctly the health, the probability is higher that it will have no problems with storing and reproduction of information.

Как сохранить и улучшить память: важные советы

There is a number of medicines which reception positively affects the memory which weakened as a result of diseases or age changes. It is impossible to choose such means independently. The doctor has to appoint them, proceeding not only from complaints of the patient, but also from results of inspection, existence of chronic illnesses and many other factors.

Problems with storing of information are not solved only with the help of a healthy lifestyle and reception of the drugs recommended by the doctor: it is necessary to be engaged in a memory training. Long time was considered that the best way for this purpose is learning of verses or solving of crossword puzzles. Modern researches showed that it not absolutely so. In principle, in knowledge of poetry or a broad outlook there is nothing bad, but in working order it is necessary for memory maintenance that information which the person obtains and accumulates was not same. It means that the mechanism of storing is the is best of all works when people periodically change the interests, or significantly they are expanded, gaining knowledge from adjacent areas. Besides, it is very important that in the course of the trainings laws of action, interest and installation were observed. In practice it means the following: obtaining new information has to have some practical purpose. For example, there is a sense to master a foreign language together with the child to help it in this case, or to study the principles of floriculture, at the same time growing up room or garden plants.

Process of strengthening of memory is closely connected with development of small motility. Contrary to popular belief, it is important not only for small children, but also for their parents, grandmothers and grandfathers. Scientists note that people who are engaged in needlework seldom suffer from memory disturbances so hobbies such are very useful at any age.

Communication of good shape of memory with an optimistic view on life is clinically not proved, but it is known that ability to analyze and fix information is very badly influenced by stresses. Completely nobody managed to avoid the alarming and injuring situations still, but ability to endure them, without becoming despondent, undoubtedly, it is useful for physical and mental health of the person. In any case, goodwill, patience and ability will see beauty of the world not superfluous at a solution of the problem of preservation of memory.

Whether you know that:

If your liver ceased to work, death would come within a day.