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6 mental disorders which symptoms can consider whims

The saying "the rich do not know how the other half lives" is known to all. In a broad sense it is that we can not always understand the person whose features of a state are unknown to us. If with physiological characters of diseases the situation is more or less clearly (having noticed them, we realize that to the person nezdorovitsya), then with symptoms of the illnesses affecting the mental sphere everything is much more difficult. Not absolutely usual behavior is quite often perceived surrounding as a ridiculous eccentricity, or, what is much worse, manifestation of bad manners or bad temper. Quite often the person having quite certain disease faces misunderstanding, condemnation and even aggression. That it did not happen, people have to have an idea of some behavioural displays of widespread mental disorders.

1. Parurez

The modern person should spend much time in crowded places: at work, in public transport, the shopping and cultural centers, etc. Most of us should eat and celebrate daily needs of nature outdoors. Patients parurezy are almost deprived of such opportunity as the illness does not allow them to release a bladder where someone can hear them. The reality of a situation at the same time has no special value: process of an urination is completely blocked if the sufferer only assumes presence nearby of other people. In the most hard cases patients keep ability to be facilitated, only being in the house all alone.

About 7% of adults suffer from Parurez (men much more often than women). Despite the seeming insignificance of a problem, its effects happen quite heavy. Because of the constant aspiration to wait to the house at the patient various failures in work of secretory system can develop. Besides, парурез significantly limits social activity of the person.

This state has nothing in common with whims and the increased shyness which sometimes occur at small children. Such phenomena quickly pass in early age, but if they proceed at the child within several months, it has to disturb parents and to become a reason for the address to the specialist.


2. Onychophagy

One of the most widespread mental deviations which is expressed in an involuntary and uncontrollable obgryzaniye of nails. Statistically, aged from 10 up to 18 years about 45% of people suffer from it. In most cases it is women.

Weight of an onychophagy can be various: at easy degree of an illness of the patient bites nails only in a condition of deep thoughtfulness or strong nervous tension. Anyway such actions lead to entering of microbes in a digestive tract and to traumatizing a cuticle (sometimes up to development of inflammatory processes). Also teeth can sometimes suffer.

The onychophagy does harm to health, but its effects for socialization of the person can be nastier as people around regard behavior of the patient as bad manners and untidiness. Deviations such often become the reason of a low self-assessment, and also problems with employment and communication.


3. Pseudobulbar effect

Pathology is shown in the form of inadequate reaction to a situation in which there is a person. For example, he begins to sob in the middle of the cheerful action, or, on the contrary, to laugh at the most inappropriate moment (for example, at a ceremonial meeting or at a funeral). In some cases people around are ready to write off such behavior for a nervous stress, but if similar episodes repeat constantly, can consider the patient at least badly well-mannered person.

Actually the reaction to a situation opposite to standard is a symptom of a mental deviation which is called violent emotional expression or pseudobulbar effect. The patient at the same time does not control himself, and his strange actions are not connected with features of education or moral qualities in any way.

Besides, doctors know also such disease as a katagelastitsizm. Patients with this illness openly derive pleasure from mistakes, misses and even misfortunes of other people. If someone in your environment it is constant, without hiding the emotions, rejoices to others trouble, you do not hurry to condemn it: perhaps, the help of the psychiatrist is necessary for the person.

Псевдобульбарный эффект

4. Aleksitimiya

Eurysynusic deviation which in various degree is suffered by 8-10% of men (at women it is observed very seldom). The main sign is inability to accurately realize and put into words own emotions. According to specialists, about 70% of complaints of women for insensibility and толстокожесть their husbands can be in practice explained with existence of this disease.

At the men suffering from an aleksitimiya the imagination is poorly developed. They experience difficulties in communication with an opposite sex, often cannot establish a family for a long time, at work are considered too stale and unresourceful.


5. Mizofoniya

Very few people can calmly treats such sounds as a knife scratch on a plate or desperate shout of the baby. It is the normal reaction caused by genetically put intolerance of sounds of a certain frequency. Patients with a mizofoniya literally fall into rage, having heard absolutely usual sounds: swallowing, sneezing, cough and even breath. It is not about irritability or grumbling character, and about those cases when the person takes the normal household sounds which are constantly accompanying our life painfully.

Patients with a mizofoniya, as a rule, have big problems with dwelling near other people. They are irritable, intolerant and unsociable. In most cases the illness dooms them to loneliness.


6. Oppositional disorder of disobedience

In any large collective it is possible to meet the employee who constantly clashes with the administration, gives a hostile reception to each order or the note proceeding "from above". He is usually considered either the angry loser, or the squabbler. It not always so: if in all the rest this person does not show any scandalous bents, it is quite possible that he suffers from very known deviation – oppositional disorder of disobedience.

Negative attitude to any actions of the management which the person is not able to hide, even risking troubles, this property of mentality, but not result of education or life experience. From it not only some adults, but also about 20% of children suffer. Psychologists consider norm numerous repetitions of the short periods of such behavior in process of a growing. At the same time it is not about separate wrong acts, and about the constant aspiration to openly contradict adults. If such condition of the child proceeds more than half a year, it is possible to speak about mental failure. In this case parents have to address the specialist urgently: without the qualified help the situation will be aggravated.

If near you someone makes strange acts, ignores the standard standards of behavior, frightens or irritates people around – do not hurry to condemn features of his education and character. Perhaps, the person is sick and needs sympathy and understanding.

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