Scientists have no unambiguous opinion on a proximate cause of emergence of a carcinoma cutaneum today. Only the factors promoting development of this illness are precisely established. Treat them: long impact on skin of ultraviolet rays, radiation exposure, thermal injuries, injuries of skin by aggressive chemicals (pitches, acids, alkalis, etc.), genetic predisposition (existence of malignant new growths of skin in the family anamnesis), reception of the medicines suppressing immunity, and also mechanical damage of birthmarks (nevus) and birthmarks.
Despite wide circulation of a carcinoma cutaneum (diseases of this kind make about a half of cases of oncological illnesses in the world), most of people poorly imagine specifics of a disease and ways of its prevention. Many household ideas of a carcinoma cutaneum have nothing in common with reality. Let's consider the most known of delusions.
About 50-70 years ago such statement reflected a real situation, but since then the carcinoma cutaneum strongly "rejuvenated". Today it wins first place among oncological diseases which diagnose for people of 26-30 years, and the second place among malignant new growths which are suffered by young men and girls aged from 15 up to 25 years.
Some specialists consider that prevalence of a carcinoma cutaneum among youth is influenced by such factor as growth of availability of travel to tropical countries including for the purpose of beach rest. On these trips people whose organism is genetically not programmed on such loadings receive a huge number of ultra-violet radiation which, in combination with the sea water which is drying up skin becomes a major factor of risk of development of a tumor.
Extremely dangerous delusion which can be the cause of growth of cancer cases of skin among young people too. The matter is that unlike natural insolation, impact which create artificial installations on 98% consists of a range of UV rays, dangerous to skin. Especially strongly fans of sunbeds which receive artificial solar bathtubs regularly risk. It is proved that such procedures which are carried out once a month within 10 years increase probability of emergence of a carcinoma cutaneum by 50%. Even single visit of a sunbed can be dangerous if the person has the friend risk factors.
It is incorrect. As well as at the majority of oncological diseases, the probability of treatment is from a carcinoma cutaneum in direct dependence on that, treatment will be how fast begun. The melanomas and bazalioma diagnosed at an early stage recover completely in 98% of cases. For the educations diagnosed at later stages of development, the probability of treatment decreases to 70-75% that, however, too is quite high rate.
In four of five cases the melanoma arises not from the regenerated birthmarks, and on sites of skin, free from them. Nevertheless, it is considered that existence of a large number of a nevus doubles risk of development of malignant new growths of skin. Therefore the people having such feature have to examine periodically the birthmarks, revealing changes of their sizes, forms, colourings, character of a surface and other parameters.
In order to avoid troubles it is necessary to visit the dermatologist regularly. At the same time it is very important that the patient belonging to risk group was constantly observed by the same doctor. Frequent change of doctors can lead to the fact that changes of a nevus will remain unnoticed.
To delete a nevus to avoid emergence of a carcinoma cutaneum, senselessly. Operations such do not reduce risk of development of a disease, and they should be seen off only according to the recommendation of the doctor.
Ability of an organism to produce the dark pigment protecting from insolation is developed at people in various degree. For those whose skin has lighter shade, risk to get a sunblister it is very high, and such events really increase probability of development of malignant new growths in the future. Nevertheless, existence of swarty skin which does not burn does not guarantee at all that the person will never develop cancer. Illnesses of this kind are diagnosed in all countries for the people belonging practically to all ethnic groups.
The security measure from solar insolation should be selected competently. It has to correspond to phototype of skin and not appeal allergic reactions. However, even not absolutely good choice of cream does not bear any risk of development of a carcinoma cutaneum. Certainly, this is not about doubtful means in which structure unfair producers quite often include chemical ingredients hazardous to health (including not having the state certification). The sun-protection creams acquired from reliable suppliers are usually harmless.
Other important aspect of protection against UF-radiation is the correct use of cosmetics. The user has to remember that any sunblock cream does not work longer than two hours. At the same time it blocks up to 90% of the radiation, dangerous to skin. Therefore you should not count on reliable protection throughout the day if you apply cream on skin once since morning.
Clouds detain a considerable part of heat energy of the Sun, but they are pronitsayema for UV rays. Therefore putting sunblock cream on open sites of skin is absolutely necessary in any weather.
We already said that it is necessary to delete only those birthmarks which the dermatologist considered suspicious. Operation with use of the laser in this case has only one plus: after it there is no cosmetic defect left. From the point of view of preservation of health laser removal of a nevus can be not only useless, but also dangerous as it completely excludes a possibility of an intake of fabrics for the subsequent research. It means what to define whether the remote birthmark underwent regeneration, it will already be impossible, and the person will not receive necessary treatment in time.
According to recommendations of specialists of WHO, any nevus which is removed on suspicion on pathological changes has to be excised in the surgical way with the subsequent transfer of material to histologic laboratory.
The carcinoma cutaneum is considered one of those oncological diseases which are the simplest for preventing. There is enough of fact that the first symptoms of an illness can be noticed visually. Suspicious education easily and quickly is removed, and the histologic research allows to draw at once a final conclusion on its nature and to appoint adequate treatment. Besides, a lot of things depend also on the person: action of the majority of risk factors can be minimized. It is necessary to behave only competently (to use protective equipment, not to be fond of solar bathtubs, to avoid contacts with dangerous chemicals, etc.), and also to regularly be inspected and follow advice of the dermatologist. It will help to reduce probability of development of an illness, and in case of its emergence – to recover.
Having fallen from a donkey, you more likely will kill yourself, than having fallen from a horse. Only do not try to disprove this statement.
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