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How to choose footwear, safe for health?

Modern footwear is extremely various. It stopped being only protection for legs long ago. Today shoes, boots, barefoot persons choose not so much proceeding from their convenience and functionality how many being guided by outward, brand and an opportunity to add with them a stylish dress. At the same time, buying footwear, think of its safety a little. Meanwhile, many popular models can do essential harm to health.

Наиболее небезопасные виды обуви

The most dangerous types of footwear

Orthopedists and surgeons made a peculiar anti-rating of footwear for a long time, having distributed models on degree of health hazard of the person. The list belongs preferential to female models as men, as a rule, approach the choice of footwear more reasonably, giving preference to convenient and its reliable options. So, most strongly damages health:

  • Footwear high-heeled. If legs in shoes are located so that heels are above socks more than on 5 cm, the woman goes almost on tiptoe. The main loading is the share of small pillows of fingers, the center of gravity of a body is displaced forward, the backbone is bent incorrectly. To keep balance, it is necessary to strain muscles of shins and a back constantly. As a result such pathologies as backbone osteochondrosis, shift of intervertebral disks, arthroses and arthritises of plusnevy joints develop. Even more dangerously open sandals high-heeled. In such footwear of a leg are badly recorded, feet often slip in blocks. It increases tension when walking, and having accidentally sprained a heel it is possible to receive pinching of a nerve, dislocation or even a fracture of bones of foot;
  • Shoes and barefoot persons on hairpins. To the wrong provision of foot instability of a support increases. Even at a strong back and a convenient block the leg moves in a shoe all the time that leads to emergence of natoptyshy. Besides, wearing footwear on high heels is fraught with dislocation of an ankle joint or a rupture of a sinew;
  • Footwear on a high platform. At usual walking each step of the person is followed by "rolling" of foot from a heel on a sock in which all linking and muscles of the arch of foot and a metatarsus are involved. Footwear on a thick, unbending platform makes normal work of feet impossible therefore gait becomes unstable. Wearing such footwear leads to flat-footedness. In shoes on a high platform of roughness under legs are practically not felt therefore the woman risks to receive ruptures of linking of an ankle;
  • Shoes court shoes with the made narrower sock – extremely elegant, but not the safest type of footwear. A narrow front part of a shoe strongly squeezes fingers, leading to their curvature, growing of nails and development of a metatarsus latus. At lovers of sharp-nosed court shoes on high heels notorious "cones" in the basis of thumbs which bring to women many unpleasant minutes very quickly grow. Backs of court shoes usually do very firm. It is fraught with emergence of hypostases and painful callosities;
  • Flats. The shoes opened from above on a flat sole already several summer seasons are at the peak of popularity, however to walk in such footwear long very harmfully. If flats have no upper crossing point, they stand on feet only because the woman goes, constantly drawing in fingers. At the same time, at a flat sole the foot arch practically does not work as the shock-absorber. As a result flat-footedness, a bottom fascitis, various arthroses develop. The wrong provision of feet and by force the shuffling gait spoil a bearing that is fraught with dorsodynias and emergence of osteochondrosis of a backbone;
  • Bedroom-slippers and Vietnamese. These models are intended for rest, a bath and the beach, but very many women for some reason use them as daily city footwear. In this case potential harm for health is connected not only with the soles deprived of instep supports but also with lack of fastenings in heels. At women who constantly wear shoes of this kind pains in raising of foot, shins and heels, then – in knees and a waist begin. Besides, Vietnamese and bedroom-slippers are unhygienic. Skin of legs in them is not protected from small damages and city dust that is fraught with development of superficial inflammatory processes;
  • Sneakers. Sports shoes are positioned by producers as the most convenient. And it so, but only when it is used for designated purpose. To walk for days on end in sneakers it is harmful. If it is expensive model equipped with the devices helping to achieve high sports results it too facilitates muscle work and sheaves at usual walking that leads to weakening of the musculoskeletal device. Cheap options of sneakers are, as a rule, made from the artificial materials harmful to skin of legs. Besides, they are deprived of the correct instep supports and are as dangerous as any other footwear on a flat sole;
  • High boots with narrow tops. Such models squeeze shins (especially when the woman carries them long). It causes stagnation of blood which is fraught with emergence of thrombosis;
  • Rubber footwear (boots, gym shoes etc.). Modern models of gumboots can be bright, decorated under any dress and very attractive to women of fashion. However such footwear has a quality doing it improper for daily socks. The boots made of rubber or plastics replacing it, do not pass air at all. When skin of legs does not breathe, the risk of development of fungus and bacterial diseases appears.

One more factor which strongly influences health: wearing footwear, improper by the size. Purchase of close shoes which "are carried soon" – the bad choice fraught with an onychalgia and other unpleasant effects.

Competent approach to purchase of footwear

Having got acquainted with shoe anti-rating, many women can decide that safe footwear does not exist at all, but actually, it not so. First, today it is quite easy to find beautiful shoes and boots on a heel not higher than 5 cm having a convenient block, and suitable for daily socks. Secondly, the majority of the described models will not do to legs serious harm if to dress them occasionally and not to carry long. And in the third, it is possible to pick up footwear which will be and it is functional, both is beautiful, and is safe if to follow the following rules:

  • Come into shoe shop at the end of the day. Even healthy legs by the evening slightly swell therefore the footwear bought in the morning can reap at a constant a sock;
  • Try on both shoes. You walk in them on shop and be convinced that they comfortably sit standing;
  • Check flexibility of a sole. If it too rigid, refuse purchase;
  • Give preference to the footwear made of natural materials. It does not belong to the beach bedroom-slippers, gumboots and other models intended for incidental use. However shoes and boots which you are going to wear long and also house-shoes, have to be made of genuine leather, suede or textiles;
  • Reserve on several pairs of shoes for every season to have an opportunity to alternate them as required;
  • Try not to buy footwear remotely. Online stores offer very impressive range, but shoes or boots – not those goods which are sense to buy without fitting.

For prevention of fungus diseases it is very useful to process daily footwear special spray. When carrying flats it is possible to minimize harm which is done to legs by flat soles, using instep supports or inserts. Already available diseases with their help cannot be cured, but these devices will help to take off pain and to reduce feeling of fatigue when walking.

Как выбрать безопасную для здоровья обувь: важные рекомендации

It is impossible to wear constantly shoes high-heeled, hairpins, platform soles or absolutely flat sole. Women who are as obliges forced to stand for days on end need to change the shoes at work in the comfortable shoes corresponding to specific features of feet (that is, not really new).

Upon purchase of footwear it is important to consider not only its outward, but also probability of an adverse effect on health. It is the only way to make the choice about which then it is not necessary to be sorry.

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