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8 factors damaging health of lungs

They say that to ensure health and longevity of people it is obliged. Really, at competent approach to these questions, minimization of an adverse effect of many factors does not represent a special problem. Practically everyone has an opportunity to play sports, to pick up an optimum operating mode and rest, to adjust healthy food, to refuse addictions. It is more difficult to exclude hit in an organism of harmful substances through a respiratory organs: not all are able to afford to live in the area with good ecology. Most of citizens is forced to breathe the air contaminated by automobile exhausts, evaporations of low-quality construction materials and gaseous waste of industrial production.

About the major factors of external environment damaging health of our lungs the speech in this article will go.

1. Low content of oxygen

If the person long is in the close not aired room, he begins to test symptoms of a so-called respiratory hypoxia. Usually it is shown by a headache, dizziness, weakness, a lack of coordination of movements. Similar signs arise when the oxygen percent by volume in the inhaled air decreases because of a large amount of impurity. Relative decrease in concentration of oxygen happens also in case of strong decrease in atmospheric pressure.

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2. Gas contamination

Air of the cities contains a set of noxious to health impurity. Generally it:

  • Carbon oxide. Getting to an organism, it forms strong connections with blood hemoglobin. As a result the amount of oxygen which can be transferred to fabrics strongly decreases. The air hunger fraught with disturbances of cordial activity, easing of intellectual activity and oppression of a metabolism develops. In big concentration carbon oxide is capable to work as poison, on influence on an organism similar to cyanides. More than a half of this gas gets to atmospheric air from automobile exhausts;
  • Sulfur dioxide. Annually industrial enterprises of the whole world release about 150 million tons of this gas into the atmosphere. Sulfur dioxide irritates mucous membranes of respiratory tracts, causing development of chronic bronchitis and rhinitises, and also bronchial asthma. Also organs of sight and hearing suffer. In areas with the high content of sulfur dioxide in air the increased incidence of pathologies of a thyroid gland is observed;
  • Lead. Gets to air at combustion of gasoline or evaporation of components of construction materials. Collecting in an organism, synthesis of hemoglobin oppresses and slows down process of formation of erythrocytes. As a result chronic intoxication which is shown by vomiting, locks, faints and the general decrease in vitality develops. Especially children for whom the plumbism is fraught with delay of physical and intellectual development suffer;
  • Mercury. Metal gets to air preferential from emissions of the industrial enterprises and evaporations of finishing materials. About 80% of the inhaled fumes of mercury are late in tissues of a liver, kidneys, hearts, a brain in the form of the toxic connections which are gradually poisoning an organism. Poisoning threatens with disturbances of cordial activity, development of pathologies of a nervous system, sharp decrease in immunity;
  • Cadmium. Compounds of this metal are considered as one of the most active carcinogens. Getting into blood, they cause the failures of phosphorus-calcium exchange fraught with destruction of bones, development of anemia and defeats of a nervous system. According to some information, compounds of cadmium provoke emergence of lung cancer. Metal gets to air from tobacco smoke, products of burning of plastic, powdery fertilizers;
  • Nickel. Sources of emissions are the enterprises of power, mechanical engineering, metallurgical and mining complexes, and also productions which make construction and finishing materials. Compounds of nickel are toxic. They provoke development of diseases of a nasopharynx and lungs, and also damages of skin;
  • Hydrocarbons. Products of burning of all types of fuel and work of the oil refining enterprises. Can be allocated in air from low-quality plastic and products from pitches, glues, impregnations for a tree, etc. Cause various damages of mucous membranes and skin, frustration of a nervous system;
  • Styrene. Toxic organic compound which can be emitted in air from solvents, varnishes, glues, plastic, the rubberized products, linoleum, a carpet basis. Provokes development of respiratory depression, irritation of mucous membranes. At long inhalation collects in an organism and creates risk of emergence of mutagen and cancerogenic effects.

Concentration of harmful impurity increases in air in hot season, especially at windless weather. In such situation it is recommended to go outside as seldom as possible.

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3. Rooms with abundance of textile accessories

House dust is powerful allergen. If indoors carry seldom out wet cleaning, residents risk to get sick with bronchial asthma. Mites (more true, products of their life activity) which often settle in the old books or objects made of textiles are not less dangerous (upholstered furniture, pillows, carpets, portieres).

The premises need to be saved regularly from excess objects, to air and vacuum often. Book shelves have to be without fail glazed.

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4. Accumulations of people

Places of big accumulation of people need whenever possible to be avoided. Business here not only in closeness and a lack of oxygen which are characteristic of similar rooms. The risk of infection with the infections extending in the airborne way increases in crowded places. Shopping centers and catering establishments in which at the same time there can be hundreds of people are especially unpleasant in this respect. In the period of seasonal respiratory diseases dangerous are medical institutions and transport.

It is impossible to refuse absolutely visit of similar places, but there is a sense to choose for this purpose certain days and hours when load of rooms is minimum. Parents have to be especially attentive: walk with the child in the park (even in cold or rainy day) is anyway more preferable than joint shopping.

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5. Household chemicals

The modern hostess cannot do without products of household chemicals: they significantly facilitate homework and save time. However, applying powders, pastes and aerosols, it is important not to forget that their harmful components get to air.

During cleaning it is necessary to open in the apartment of a window leaf. When using of powders to be accurate, not to scatter large amounts of mixes. It is desirable to protect the respiratory organs by means of a medical gauze mask.

Repairing the apartment, it is necessary to apply solvents, varnishes and paints with extra care. It is important to air as often as possible the room, and if necessary to use a respirator.

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6. Close kitchens with gas stoves

Many Russians live in apartments with very small kitchens. At the area of 5-6 square meters the working plate can create indoors the concentration of products of burning of household gas hazardous to health. Therefore such kitchens need to be equipped with extracts.

In order to avoid troubles there is a sense to spend less time in kitchen, during cooking to open a window leaf and to delete from the room of children.

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7. The diet oversaturated by simple carbohydrates

It is proved that fans of sweets, pastries and fast food often have an allergy and diseases of respiratory tracts. It happens not only because of the high content of nutritional supplements in products such. So-called bystry carbohydrates are capable to provoke an inadequate immune response of an organism. For sweet teeth the risk of emergence of irritation of mucous membranes and chronic bronchitis with an asthmatic component is high.

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8. Slow-moving way of life

At a moderate exercise stress ventilation of the lungs amplifies, breath goes deep, the organism gets rid of harmful substances. In it sense run and outdoor games in the fresh air, ski trips and just foot walks are especially useful.

The people leading a slow-moving life easily catch a cold, hard have seasonal respiratory infections.

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The place with a favorable ecological situation all have an opportunity to choose for full-time residence not. However each person can optimize a microclimate in the dwelling, adjust a diet and minimize influence of factors, lungs hazardous to health.

Whether you know that:

Human bones are stronger than concrete four times.