Neurosis is called pathology of a nervous system at which deviations in functioning of the highest nervous processes are observed. Most often – owing to yet not strengthened mentality – children are subject to neurosises. The unhealthy, hostile atmosphere in collective, a family, the strong and sharp shock, and also a set of other factors which negatively influence the little person who did not learn to overcome stresses yet can become premises to emergence of such disturbances.
How to define existence of neurosis at the child? At children's age fears (fear of darkness, animals, strangers), hysterics, sleep disorders, including a lunacy, enuresis, stutter, nervous tics (twitching of eyes, frequent blinkings, the repeating movements), a capriciousness, irritability, tearfulness are considered as widespread symptoms of mental disorders. Often parents owing to employment do not notice neurosis symptoms, or do not give to disorder of due consideration, apart from his disease. Really, nervoza in most cases have reversible character, but only if are adjusted by parents or the psychotherapist. If not to help the child with his overcoming, the neurotic state can be reflected on physical health (in the form of problems of a metabolism, cardiovascular, vegetative system, etc.), and also to become the reason of negative changes of the personality.
Let's consider 5 major factors which can start the mechanism of formation of neurosis at the child.
Chaos and unpredictability are considered as the main enemies of health of the child – physical and mental. Lack of the mode neither more nor less – a stress source for yet not strengthened mentality of the child, and this statement more than fairly and concerning teenagers. Late withdrawal to a dream along with early rise, lack of a daily routine serve as the reason of increased fatigue, slow recovery of the child after loadings, so and an acrimony, instability of mentality. It occurs because many nervous processes of the child are still unstable, and cells of a cerebral cortex easily of an istoshchima. Constant lack of the mode of activity and the rest corresponding to a maturity of its mentality (long occupations, games, entertainments, etc.) is followed by complex work of processes in a brain, so, big wasting of nervous energy which even in the absence of other adverse factors can start the mechanism of formation of neurosis.
At an accurate daily routine the organism is independently adjusted on the forthcoming activity which is carried out easily, effectively and does not cause a mentality overstrain.
Sharp change of a situation: tenor of life (with measured on active), change of children's collective (school, a garden), residences, changes in a family (the birth of the brother or sister, appearance of the stepmother or stepfather) can also become a starting point for development of nervous disturbances in the child. Most often neurosis forms as a result of a combination of several factors – for example, moving and change of school, moving and appearance of the new member in a family, etc. The children from dysfunctional families who are not getting the help and supports of seniors are most predisposed to development of neurotic frustration in these situations.
Psychoinjuries are understood as situations in the child's lives leaving a strong negative mark on its mentality. The fire, natural disasters, a divorce of parents, accident, strong fears and other critical situations which can be transformed further to phobias, complexes, attacks of the panic attacks and other frustration can concern to them. Correction of heavy psychoinjuries in order to avoid undesirable effects requires the help of the psychotherapist.
The wrong position of parents in education – a common cause of neurotic reactions of the child that can lead to problems already the adult. According to psychologists, the most negative models of education for children's mentality are:
Besides, negatively the mentality of the child is affected by various approaches in education of parents, for example, when the father prefers to bring up the child by authoritative methods, and mother applies the principles of permissiveness. Excessive cruelty, roughness, quarrels, the conflicts in a family also become a heavy load for unripe mentality of the child, creating predisposition to emergence of neurosises and the subsequent disturbances.
The fact that the education methods acceptable for one child are absolutely contraindicated to another – a fact in evidence. So, bark of a dog for one will become just sound irritant, and for another – will start the mechanism of formation of neurosis when each subsequent meeting with a dog only aggravates negative reaction. It is considered that children with melancholic type of temperament – sensitive, vulnerable, sensitive, needing special attention and care are most subject to neurosises. For such children strict methods of education and the more so physical punishments are contraindicated and fraught with drawing a deep loss to mentality. However, physical punishments are contraindicated to all.
Also children with the expressed leadership skills are not less vulnerable. Children with own opinion, an independent position on each question hard react also to parent dictatorship, and to hyper guardianship. Restriction of independence in any manifestations at such children is capable to become the fertile field for formation of neurotic reactions.
Besides, difficult transfer the mental overloads weakened, often ill children at whom as a result of education the feeling of helplessness often forms.
For the prevention of emergence of nervoz in children in the presence of any provocative situations (and completely in life they cannot be avoided) psychologists advise parents to create the benevolent atmosphere in a family promoting formation of healthy and strong mentality of the child. It is also important not to neglect measures of the general strengthening of health – to observe a day regimen, to properly eat, spend time in the fresh air, to be engaged in not wearisome types of physical activity.
Average life expectancy of lefthanders is less, than right-handed persons.
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