Practice of hypnotic impact on consciousness of the person contains about two millennia. During this time scientists managed to learn a lot of things about a phenomenon of hypnosis and learned to facilitate a condition of the patients having heavy illnesses with its help.
Nevertheless, most of the people who do not have a direct bearing on medicine continue to divide delusions not less ancient, than a method of hypnotherapy. Today we will dispel the most widespread myths about hypnosis.
About 200-250 years ago even the most successful and talented gipnoterapevta really considered that enter people into a condition of a trance, using assistance of certain mysterious external forces. At the beginning of the 19th century scientists found out what гипнотерапевт is not the trance prime cause. The specialist only helps the patient to concentrate attention, using the techniques acquired for centuries, and falls into a hypnotic condition of people independently.
As confirmation of a conclusion serves that circumstance that for mastering skills of hypnosis of people should not have any special talents. Certainly, some people study practice of hypnotherapy easier and apply it more successfully than others, but it concerns any area of human activity.
Idea of unconditional controllability of the person subjected to hypnosis arose because of the dramatized shows held by not quite conscientious hypnotists, circus representations or movies. Actually in a condition of a trance of people completely understands the events. The hypnotist cannot force the patient to make the actions which are in a conflict with its moral ethical principles or instinct of self-preservation. Stories about how the hypnotized person jumped out of a window or robbed bank – just foolish invention.
After careful studying insolvent were also statements about what in a condition of a trance of people lets out all secrets. For this reason hypnosis did not find application in criminalistics: information obtained from the hypnotized witnesses or suspects often is doubtful.
There is nothing exclusive in a hypnotic trance. Daily each of us for several minutes plunges into a similar state. It can occur during a trip in transport (the person is slightly disconnected, thoughtlessly looking in a car window), listening to music, readings the interesting book, etc. We consider that we at such moments simply dream or we think, but in practice the condition of our brain is very similar to that which arises under hypnosis.
Most of people remember events which happened to them during the hypnotic session. Sometimes the person forgets about some actions during a trance, but these memoirs are easily recovered.
During a trance the attention of the patient is most concentrated. It is really capable of acts which presented to realities for it a certain complexity. Besides, hypnosis helps to be liberated and make that it in a usual condition of people does not decide or hesitates to make.
In this case this is not about any awakening of superabilities, just for the patient an opportunity to make what he is capable also in usual life of is facilitated.
The delusion is connected with ideas of use of a trance by shamans and some representatives of nonconventional medicine. Considering what гипнотерапевт does not use the help of external forces and cannot subordinate to itself a free will of the patient, the majority of world religions belong to practice of introduction to a hypnotic trance without condemnation. For example, the Roman Catholic church recognized treatment by means of hypnosis quite acceptable in 1847.
Hypnotherapy in itself does not bear any religious implication. However, it is quite often used by representatives of totalitarian sects in the unscrpulous purposes, but it is impossible to consider because of it unethical a method.
The only reason creating impossibility of introduction of the patient to a condition of hypnosis is severe damage of a brain. Qualified гипнотерапевт it is capable to help to concentrate and fall into a trance practically to any person, however a susceptibility to such efforts (hypnotizability) at all people different.
Holding a successful hypnotic session requires active cooperation of the specialist and patient as it is impossible to enter the person into a trance against his will.
Hypnotizability of the person is not connected with his moral and strong-willed qualities in any way. More likely, here play a role ability to quickly concentrate attention, rich imagination, the developed figurative thinking and high intelligence.
At desire to cooperate with the hypnotist and lack of bias against the method, it is simpler to specialist to enter into a trance of the person smart, widely educated and emotional.
In a human body under the influence of suggestion there are changes which are directly not connected with conscious brain activity. For example:
Many phenomena such are known and well studied. Practice of use of hypnosis for anesthesia including at band operations is based on existence of biochemical and physiological effects of suggestion. Certainly, medicinal anesthesia is simpler, available and cheap. Hypnotic anesthesia cannot be applied in a mass order as because of deficit of the specialists-gipnologov having rather high qualification and because of a different susceptibility of people to hypnosis. Nevertheless, the possibility of use of a trance when carrying out surgeries allows to give help to people to whom the anesthesia is contraindicated.
You should not forget also that many corporal illnesses in practice have the psychosomatic reasons, and serious illnesses often are followed by decrease in an emotional background. Hypnotherapy gives invaluable help in treatment of such states, saving thousands of patients from sufferings.
Any case when the hypnotized person would get stuck in a condition of a trance is not known. If the hypnotist does not stop a session compulsorily, the patient independently is returned after a while to a condition of wakefulness or fills up with quite usual, normal dream.
Concerning hypnosis the set of exotic myths continues to occur. Actually, it is quite safe method of impact on consciousness capable to help the person with many situations.
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