Elder is the perennial plant relating a honeysuckle family to family. Externally black elder or red represent a big bush or a low tree. Elder, since May to the middle of June in small ochroleucous colors with fragrant aroma blossoms. Berries, both red elder, and black, in August - September ripen.
In the wild nature red elder and black meet on edges of the woods in the southeast and a midland of Russia, in the Baltics, Belarus, in Ukraine, in the Crimea. Elder, both grows in shady places, and on solar glades.
Difference of black elder from red is that elder black has the mass of useful properties, and here red elder is considered a noxious plant.
Berries of elder black differ in difficult chemical composition. It is made by such components:
Besides, useful properties of elder are caused by contents in it tannic, parafinopodobny and mucous substances.
More in berries of elder of black malic acid. It is a lot of in it ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and also natural sugars (glucose and fructose).
Not only berries of elder are vitamin-rich also useful substances. The advantage of elder and property used for treatment are presented also in its leaves, branches and bark. The advantage of elder in leaves consists in the high content of carotene and vitamin C. And here the dried-up leaves contain A1 provitamin.
Thanks to such rich structure, leaves, flowers and bark of black elder have the mass of medicinal properties:
Young leaves of elder have fortifying and laxative properties. Broths from all parts of elder black have property to regulate a metabolism in an organism. Many useful properties of elder black berries in the dried-up look have.
Thanks to reception of elder the advantage for health is presented by the following results:
1. Bile removal improves;
2. The diuresis amplifies;
3. Advance of contents of intestines improves.
For treatment flowers, berries and leaves of elder black are used, usually. They are dried in ovens and prepared for the winter.
It should be noted that the advantage of elder black remains in fruits for 6 months, it is not recommended to store it longer. And here black can be stored in flowers of property of elder very long. So, it is possible to store flowers 2 – 3 years, but only in the dry room with good ventilation. Properties of elder red in flowers are also considered dangerous therefore they are not recommended to use even for decoration of the house.
Undoubtedly, elder black has bigger advantage in the raw. Still in ancient times people broke draws and did of them salad. At the same time they were careful and were able to distinguish elder red from black. And fresh berries of elder used for preparation of drinks. Juice from elder black and now is mixed with lemon juice, a dried peel and water. Thus, original curative kvass turns out.
From berries of elder it is possible to prepare kissels, compotes, jam. For sweet it is recommended to add to them honey, but not sugar. Thanks to it, the advantage of elder black will be preservations more.
Traditional medicine actively uses advantage of elder black. Fresh and dried fruits of elder with success are used for treatment and prevention of the following diseases:
Fruits of elder black dry and use for treatment of a rare disease malaria. Dried and fresh berries of elder black, according to medical researches, have so high content of medicinal property that join in a therapy complex at oncology (a carcinoma of the stomach and a carcinoma cutaneum). In case of a carcinoma of the stomach, the patient is given jam from fresh fruits of elder black. Oncology of skin treat special means: fresh berries wring out, insist on wine, and the extract of elder received thus black treat the patient.
From flowers and leaves of elder black prepare broths and infusions which have strong antibacterial and sudorific properties. These means help at catarrhal diseases (quinsy, flu, bronchitis, a SARS). For receiving curative infusion take 1 tablespoon of flowers and fill in with a glass of boiled water. This mix is brought to boiling and weary on slow fire of 15 - 20 minutes. Then broth is cooled, wrung out and use in a warm look 0,5 glasses, inside, before food. Infusion it is also possible to rinse a throat at colds. Besides, such medicine perfectly helps with fight against such illnesses as arthritis, gout and rheumatism.
Putting the steamed-out leaves of elder black on sore points, it is possible to remove an inflammation. For this reason such means is applied at the following problems:
Eurysynusic folk remedy from locks is use of advantage of elder black of young fresh leaves. Properties of elder red in leaves are also poisonous therefore it is important to distinguish it when leaves gather. So, for treatment of chronic locks curative properties of elder use so: boil leaves in honey, and take the received medicine inside.
Broth (in and in the form of lotions) from bark of elder black well helps at various diseases:
Besides, the advantage of elder and property of toning and rejuvenation is widely used in cosmetology. From flowers of a plant prepare lotion and use for wiping of face skin and a neck. Such lotion they can also freeze and wipe skin.
Elder, as well as any other medicinal plant, has some contraindications to the use.
So, elder black is not recommended to the use at the following disturbances of health:
Most often, doctors warn patients against the use of elder black children up to 12 years.
Unfortunately, people often confuse plants black elder and red. Wishing to use this plant in the medical purposes, it is necessary to be careful and not to make a mistake as elder red can do harm to health.
Elder red for the person is poisonous therefore with this plant it is necessary to be especially careful. It is not really simple to distinguish elder red from black: red elder differs, by itself, in red color of the berries. But it only when will come its maturing. And here during those periods when in the medical purposes leaflets and branches of a plant are used, it is important to be able to distinguish red elder from black. Otherwise, it is possible to benefit not from elder red, and organism poisoning.
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