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General characteristic of a disease

Воспаление небных миндалин при фолликулярной ангине

Quinsy is an infectious disease which main display is the inflammation of palatine tonsils. Purulent quinsy is caused by different types of microbes (generally streptococci), is transferred or an airborne way, or at contact with dirty ware and dirty products. As a rule, quinsy at children and adults arises where microcirculation which, in turn, causes difficulties with supply of body tissues with necessary nutrients is broken. As the result, at diagnosis of quinsy, treatment is under construction on strengthening of the movement of blood on vessels, especially around almonds. In total, annually suffers from this infection from 10-15% of the population of our country, including children and teenagers. The surge in incidence of quinsy is the share of spring and fall.

Quinsy reasons

Any person gets sick with quinsy only after the contagium gets to his organism. The whole army of causative organisms acts as that: viruses, bacteria, fungi. Most often the hemolitic streptococcus and round staphylococcus become an etiology. Quinsy gets into an organism both outside, and from within. In the first case it is transferred by already infected people who during sneezing and a kashlyanye "splash out" bacteria on people around. Internal sources of a disease are, as a rule, chronic infections: cold, sore gums, caries.

Among provocative factors of a disease it is also worth calling: overcooling, decrease in immunity, high content of dust in air, frequent smoking, alcohol and injuries of almonds.

Classification of quinsies

Depending on displays of quinsy, allocate purulent, catarral and necrotic quinsy.

  • purulent quinsy of lacunary type – infectious process affects a mucous membrane of lacunas in which the purulent contents received as a result of dying off of fabrics and development of an inflammation accumulate. In process of accumulation exudate acts from the mouth of lacunas in the form of traffic jams of yellow color;
  • purulent quinsy of follicular type (angina follicularis) – an infection affects follicles (lymphatic small knots). On a mucosal surface yellow educations with purulent contents act. At their merge at the person abscesses can be formed;
  • catarral quinsy – the beginning of a disease is characterized by acute symptoms with all signs astheno - a vegetative syndrome. Almonds increase in sizes and become covered by a pellicle of mucous exudate, but, in general, quinsy of catarral type develops without formation of pus;
  • necrotic quinsy – inflammatory process causes the morphological changes of almonds which are followed by a necrosis of fabrics and formation of ulcers.

Except above-mentioned types of a disease, quinsy at children and adults can have the mixed character, that is the infection is characterized by signs at the same time both purulent, and, for example, necrotic quinsy.

Having got into an organism, bacteria settle on palatine tonsils and begin to breed strenuously. Symptoms of quinsy are shown in 5-7 days, at the same time, the immune system is weaker, the quicker and more sharply inflammatory process develops. Let's notice also that quinsy which treatment was not carried out or carried out without observance of the established procedures and rules leads to quite serious consequences: to rheumatism, nephrite, complications from heart, to formation of abscesses, blood poisoning (sepsis).

Quinsy - symptoms

Quinsy begins with a fever, a headache, the general weakness, an ache in joints and difficulties at a food proglatyvaniye. The fever at patients proceeds not for long (about 1,5 hours), and then is replaced by a body temperature raising to 38-39 degrees. Over time also the pharyngalgia amplifies. In the beginning it disturbs the person only when swallowing, but then is shown and at rest, reaching a maximum on the second - third day after an onset of the illness. Purulent quinsy is followed by emergence of pustules on a surface of almonds. Besides, coloring of almonds, palatal handles and a uvula in bright red color is characteristic of all forms of an infection. From other characteristic symptoms of a disease we will note the following manifestations:

  • hypostasis of a mucous stomatopharynx;
  • neck hypostasis;
  • enanthesis;
  • cold, cough;
  • inflammation of a mucous membrane of eyes;
  • pains in a stomach;
  • increase in the sizes of lymph nodes;
  • fever.

At treatment of a disease many people prefer to use national treatment of quinsy, but it is wrong as signs, similar to it, have much more serious diseases. Respectively, out of time made diagnosis and self-treatment can lead to heavy complications and even the death of the patient. Therefore at the first pharyngalgias and an inflammation of almonds you should see a doctor.

Treatment of quinsy

As in the acute period both catarral, and purulent quinsy are followed by weakness and high temperature – the bed rest is shown to the patient. The standard diet joins those food stuffs which do not injure the inflamed almonds – broths, puree, porridges. It is very important to drink a lot of warm liquid. Compotes, fruit drinks and mineral water will become the best choice.

As for medical drugs, any special and exotic means it is not necessary to buy. Antibiotics at quinsy are, as they say, what the doctor registered, and can be found them in any drugstore of the city. In most cases to patients penicillin, erythromycin, ampicillin are appointed. Let's notice at the same time that antibiotics need to be accepted even after quinsy, more precisely after subsiding of acute symptoms. Otherwise, there is a big risk of repeated development of infectious process. However It should be noted that antibiotics need to be used with care, in particular, when there are disturbances of work of kidneys and a liver, there are allergic reactions or if the disease overtook the pregnant woman.

National treatment of quinsy

Народное лечение ангиныAs antibiotics at treatment of quinsy are used as the main technique of treatment, national recipes act as additional resources. They do not save from the infection reason, but allow to improve a condition of the patient, remove heat, fit a food proglatyvaniye. Besides, national treatment of quinsy prevents development of serious complications, but besides we will notice that such effect is reached only at connection of national and traditional methods of controlling with quinsy. Now we will pass to the most known recipes:

  • in time and after an angina follicularis our grandmothers and grandfathers often used garlic. The head of this miracle plant is cut on a part and filled in with water liter. Garlic is boiled within an hour, and then the spoon of baking soda is added to water 1 h and it is possible to start inhalations;
  • carefully mix and crush sage leaves, flowers of elder and a mallow. 1 h the spoon of mix of herbs is filled in with a glass of boiled water then it is necessary to draw medicine within 40 minutes and to filter. Means it is necessary to rinse a throat 3-4 times a day up to an absolute recovery;
  • make strong tea (not in bags), cool tea leaves up to the acceptable temperature and add to it 1 h a salt spoon. The turned-out mix is used for rinsings of a throat several times a day;
  • if quinsy at children and adults is followed by severe pains in a throat, then it is possible to use the following recipe: pour into a glass of boiled water on a teaspoon of salt and soda, and then add some more drops of iodine. Solution it is necessary to rinse a throat of 4-5 times a day.

Whether you know that:

Four segments of dark chocolate contain about two hundred calories. So if you do not want to recover, better not to eat it is more than two segments in days.