Angioma – the high-quality vascular tumorous new growth consisting of circulatory and absorbent vessels with expanded walls. Most often the angioma is congenital anomaly of development. As a result of pathological communication of arteries and veins an arterial blood, passing capillaries, gets directly from arteries into veins. An angioma – a kind of birthmarks. It most often is found in a brain, but also can arise also in any other bodies, for example, on the lower and upper extremities, in a spinal cord, on auricles. The angioma of a brain can expand to the huge sizes and occupy by itself brain shares.
Cavernous (cavernous) angiomas – the pulsing formations of dark red or crimson color consisting of the cavities filled with blood. They have an appearance of the spots towering over integument level. Cavernous angiomas differ from other types in a spongy structure. This type of a tumor is most often localized subcutaneously and very seldom burgeons in bone and muscular fabrics. To the touch the angioma elastic and soft, easily contracts when pressing, without effort taking primary outward. Cavernous angiomas have tendency to bleeding and an ulceration. Bleeding and an ulceration – the contributing factors to development of secondary infection. In some cases increase in supply of an angioma leads to significant increase in the sizes of those parts of a body on which it is localized.
Venous angiomas – the soft formations of various size which are characterized by progressive autonomous growth. Venous angiomas can be carried to benign tumors.
Venous angiomas are presented by set of numerous cavernous thin-walled cavities which connect among themselves. These new growths are localized in a hypodermic fatty tissue, muscular tissue, on skin. Color of spots usually varies from dark blue color to brown.
The branchy angioma – quite rare disease which is shown on extremities is more rare – on a face and the head. This type of pathology is presented by twisting tyazha, and at times and the whole balls of arteries with expanded branches.
Intra bone angiomas usually develop on skull bones. These educations can provoke the repeating bleedings. This angioma is defined by X-ray inspection.
Symptoms of an angioma can be shown at any age, however most often they are shown aged is more senior than twenty years. The most frequent symptoms of an angioma are heavy feeling in extremities, the hypertrichosis, difficulty of the act of swallowing and breath. Development of an angioma quite often is followed by painful feelings in the field of its localization, incontinuous neurologic symptomatology, a hyperthermia.
Carry headaches, hypertensia, the increased intracranial pressure, epileptic seizures, weak-mindedness, a stroke to symptoms of an angioma of a brain.
Depending on the location muscular weakness, dizziness, a vision disorder, consciousnesses, memories, speeches, coordination, paralysis of a part of a body can be symptoms of an angioma of a brain.
Treatment of angiomas is performed by various methods. A main objective of treatment of angiomas – the termination of their growth by elimination of pathological process and resuming of normal functioning of vessels.
Laser treatment consists in layer-by-layer removal of the struck fabric. Patholologically the changed fabric is deleted completely, to an exposure of layers of absolutely healthy fabric. Advantage of laser treatment in the minimum degree of bleeding.
Beam treatment is applied to angiomas of the big area and difficult localization (retrobulbar space, orbital area).
Diathermocoagulation is applied at angiofibromas, the dot and bleeding angiomas. This method of treatment cannot be applied at extensive and hardly accessible tumors.
Sclerosing therapy is shown at deeply located angiomas of the small sizes. As sclerosing substance use alcohol which is entered into a tumor cavity. This procedure quite long and painful.
Hormonal therapy is applied at extensive defeats, the progressing growth and development of an angioma, a critical arrangement of a tumor, the combined defeat of several anatomic areas at once.
Cryotherapy – the fine method of treatment applied at angiomas of any localization. This method is widely used in children's surgery. Advantage of a method in its painlessness, accurate demarcation of the pathological center, in absence of bleeding.
Surgical treatment of an angioma is applied at a deep arrangement of a vascular tumor. The angioma is tried to be removed accurately completely not to damage the next healthy fabrics surrounding it.
There are very curious medical syndromes, for example, persuasive swallowing objects. In a stomach of one patient suffering from this mania 2500 foreign objects were revealed.
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