Autism represents disturbance of mental development of which such signs are characteristic as: disorder of motility and the speech, stereotype of behavior and activity – all this results in deficit of social interaction. This neurobiological disorder, the caused disturbance of mezhpolusharny bonds, accompanies the person throughout all his life, however signs of autism are shown at children's age.
Today autism at children is not a rarity – their one child 150 suffers from these mental disturbances. Statistically, autistic frustration are observed in all social, ethnic and racial groups, however more boys, than girls are subject to this disease. Most often this frustration is diagnosed for children up to 3 years. In certain cases it is possible to distinguish autism which reasons still are up to the end not studied and at six-month-old children.
Today scientists cannot speak with absolute confidence about autism reasons as the nature of this disease rather difficult and not clear. It is established that autistic frustration are connected with genes, however that – interaction of a large number of genes or influence of rare mutations – becomes a push for development of autism, it is unknown.
As this pathology in many cases is followed by damage of temporal shares, a cerebellum, a brain trunk, it is possible to say that the reasons of autism are not limited only to genetic predisposition. Also chromosomal anomalies, inborn exchange disturbances, organic lesions of the central nervous system can give an impetus to development of a disease.
It is most expressed signs of autism are shown at children's age, however the softened their form is observed also at adults.
Diagnosing of autism at children requires existence of a so-called triad:
Components of this triad separately can be met also at healthy people, however only their cumulative manifestation allows to speak about autistic frustration.
Common symptom of autism is selectivity in food, however for diagnosis of a disease it is insignificant.
Autism at children can be determined by the following signs:
Autism symptoms which can be noticed in the first year of life of the child:
In many cases autism is followed by a number of physiological problems which are shown in a look:
Most often for treatment of autism resort to the behavioural therapy based on remuneration of the correct behavior. In case of use of this therapy at an early stage of a disease it is possible to teach children to service itself and to communicate with other people. Treatment of autism can include physical and speech therapy, depending on specific features of the child. Such signs of autism as obsessivno-compulsive frustration or a depression, as a rule, assume use of medicines.
Family therapy in treatment of autism has huge value as parents and relatives can give to the child huge help in process of its adaptation to the outside world. The parents who are looking after the child with autism should plan carefully breaks during the day, it will allow to save the physical and moral forces necessary for care of such kid. When the child grows up, it is recommended to ask for the help people around as alone to cope with this problem rather difficult. Communication and mutual aid between families in which the same special children grow up is also very important.
Effective treatment of autism is based on the qualified help of doctors and most adapted behavior of parents to needs of the child.
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