In traditional medicine it is considered that stings of bees are useful to health, there is the whole section of medicine – apiotherapy which is devoted to treatment of various diseases of apitoxin. However the sting of a bee, besides that is very painful, can cause allergic reaction – that is why it is necessary to be able to give first aid.
To understand how it is correct to work, it is necessary to know the following. The bee sting is connected to a special tank in an abdomen of a bee, toxiferous. At a sting the jagged sting, as a rule, gets stuck in skin and is broken off. Quite often together with a sting there is also a sack attached to it with poison, and poison continues to come to a blood stream even after the direct contact with a bee was interrupted. That is why it is necessary to take surely a sting from a wound, to do it quickly and very carefully that not to inject poison from a sack into the place of a sting.
Apitoxin has acid reaction (unlike poison of a wasp which has an alkali reaction) therefore help to neutralize it alkalis – liquid soap, soap solution, solution of baking soda.
So, after the person felt a sharp thermalgia from a bee sting, it is necessary to make the following:
Also it is recommended to give to the victim plentiful drink – water, sweet tea, compote, etc. to reduce concentration of poison in an organism and to accelerate its removal.
As a rule, there are enough listed actions to relieve pain and to prevent possible unpleasant effects of a sting.
At 2% of people allergic reaction to stings of bees is noted. It means that under certain conditions hit of apitoxin in their organism can cause heavy reaction, up to a lethal outcome. In this case measures of first aid it is not enough and not to do without the emergency medical assistance. Stings in some especially vulnerable body parts differ in also increased danger.
Urgent medical assistance is necessary in the following situations:
In all listed cases it is necessary to call the ambulance, or independently as soon as possible to take the victim to hospital. It is also necessary to see a doctor if within three days pain, hypostasis and reddening in the place of a sting do not become less.
First aid given the first minutes after a sting is most effective. But bees often sting the people who are far from the house or a drugstore. In this case it is possible to resort to one of national methods:
The opinion is eurysynusic that apitoxin is easily neutralized by the alcohol accepted inside therefore it is quite often possible to meet councils to drink 30-50 g of vodka or cognac if you were stung by a bee. For obvious reasons such "treatment" is not suitable for children, however, adults should not do it too. The matter is that alcohol does not remove and does not neutralize toxins, and opposite, facilitates their penetration into an organism and complicates removal.
Also at first-aid treatment it is not necessary to do the following:
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